Female Genital Mutilation Act

fgm

A practice that has been put in place to reduce violence against women is Female Genitalia Mutilation Act. FGM is a form of violence against women because this practice does not only harm the girl in question physically but also emotionally and psychologically since the practice is very humiliating. This practice is most common in Africa since it is an initiation rite for girls into womanhood. According to the World Health Organization, between 100 and 140 million girls undergo FGM yearly. That is three million girls are at risk of the practice every year in Africa Alone. 70 million girls worldwide have been married before their 15th birthday against their wish. Due to these stats, Prime Minister Daniel Cameron in the United Kingdom implemented a FGM prevention program that holds parents accountable if their children were cut. This program has so far been able to decrease FGM in some African countries. In Kenya for instance, due to this program and the Girl Protection Act, there was a decrease from 38% (1998) to 27% (2008).Also another group from Maasai, Kenya has seen a decline from 93% (2003) to 73% (2008). Even though there has been declined from the stats we can still see FGM is very much prevalent in Africa hence everything must been done to prevent it totally. Moreover,  culture is one challenge faced when it comes to preventing FGM since it is a cultural practice and people are very much rooted in culture hence posing as a challenge.

Post source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/11/25/violence-against-women-progress_n_6215408.html

Image credit: http://africlaw.com/2012/06/07/female-genital-mutilation-in-south-africa/

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