According to the United Nations, violence against women is defined as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.” There are two types of violence against women:
- Intimate Partner Violence– behavior by an intimate partner or ex-partner that results in; physical, sexual and mental/psychological harm.
- Sexual Abuse- unwanted and forced sexual activity inflicted by an intimate partner on a woman.
- Physical Abuse- involves the use of non-accidental physical force inflicted by an intimate partner on woman during her life time, which can also let to serious injuries or even death.
- Mental/Psychological Abuse- involves any harmful action towards a woman that affects the mental or psychological aspect of that woman. This can include the use of a loud or threatening voice or the use of improper language.
- Sexual Violence– any sexual act that, attempt to obtain a sexual act in any setting. For example; rape.
It is a gender based crime directed toward females. It is currently a pandemic all around the world with greater emphasis in developing countries, which has many cases of domestic violence, marital rape, child marriages, and trafficking in women and girls.
Violence Against Women Related Publications
- Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Re-authorization 2013
- International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
Violence Against Women Campaigns
No More PSA Campaign